The history of offset smokers can be traced back to the early 1900s in the Southern United States. Instead of smoking directly over an open fire, people were looking for a better way to slow cook their favorite cuts. What slowly evolved was what we know as an offset smoker and it’s use gave rise to Southern style BBQ and all its glory. This type of smoker, also known as a “stick burner,” was originally used for slow-cooking meats such as pork and beef for traditional Southern barbecues.
Offset smokers were created as a solution to the problem of uneven cooking on traditional barrel-style smokers. By placing the firebox offset from the main cooking chamber, hot air and smoke were able to circulate around the meat, resulting in more even and thorough cooking. This design also allowed the smoke to permeate the meat more deeply, giving it a rich, smoky flavor.
The early offset smokers were made of simple materials such as metal drums and bricks. People would find whatever kind of scrap metal they could to craft their smoker. Massive 55-gallon drums were a popular choice because they had everything needed. As the popularity of barbecuing grew, so did the demand for more efficient and durable offset smokers. This led to the development of larger, steel-constructed offset smokers with multiple grates and adjustable air vents.
Backyard smoking inevitably led to competitions amongst the early pitmasters and restaurant owners. In the 1960s and 70s, competition barbecue started to gain popularity, and offset smokers became an essential tool for pitmasters looking to perfect their slow-cooked meats. This led to further innovations in the design of offset smokers, including the introduction of reverse flow technology, which helps to regulate temperature and smoke flow for even better cooking results.
Evolution of Smokers
Nowadays, offset smokers come in a range of sizes and materials, from small, portable models for backyard barbecues to commercial-grade smokers for professional pitmasters. They are also available in a variety of styles, from classic horizontal models to sleek vertical designs.
Regardless of the specific design, offset smokers are beloved for their versatility and ability to produce delicious, slow-cooked meats with a rich, smoky flavor. They have become an iconic part of American barbecue culture, and remain a staple in the arsenal of pitmasters and backyard barbecuers alike.
The history of offset smokers is a rich and fascinating one, rooted in the traditions of Southern barbecue and the pursuit of perfect slow-cooked meats. With their versatility, durability, and ability to produce delicious, smoky flavor, offset smokers are a testament to the ingenuity and passion of the pitmasters who have perfected them over the years. Whether you are a seasoned pitmaster or a backyard barbecuer, an offset smoker is an essential tool for creating mouth-watering, slow-cooked meats that are sure to impress.